Some of us may be entering a new job that does not have a 401k or has one that you do not feel is as good as the one you just left. And your employer won't let you keep your money where it was. What to do?
Rolling your 401k into an IRA is different that moving it to a new employer's 401k. In fact, it is wholly another matter. Given the option, keep the money in a 401k. But some of you will want to venture forth on your own even if your employer has a plan in place you could have used.
This is for the investor who has some concept of what lies before them. If I were to guess, this type of investor has had an active roll in how their former employer's 401k was allocated. They paid close attention to diversity, perhaps even following conventional wisdom of limiting risk as they aged.
For this retirement investor, the IRA rollover is viable option. It allows closer control of how this money is invested with a variety of considerations weighed with each decision. Not only will this investor spread their allocation over a number of funds, they will do so with an eye on fees and expenses, a consideration of performance of the fund under both good and adverse conditions, and clearheaded understanding of the risks involved.
IRAs cannot be borrowed against and restrict a penalty-free withdrawal of money before 59 1/2 years old. But the choices are the primary attraction. This investor knows, and you should as well, the risks of building a successful IRA portfolio also increase. The biggest concern is investments that crossover.
What 401k plans are supposed to do is provide the investor with a fiduciary responsibility to provide the right tools for their employees. You, as an IRA investor are on your own.
You must monitor the funds you invested in for a change in investment strategy, style drift (when a fund manager invests on the edges of what s/he was hired to do; such as when they invest in large-caps when mid-caps are the focus), and an increase in turnover (a cost for trading repeatedly that the shareholder pays for directly, often done in an attempt to boost returns in the short-term, like at the quarter's end). You bear the burden of this responsibility to your future.
The terms of disbursement are spelled out when you leave the job in the 402(f) notice. This explains your options for handling a 401k disbursement. Even if you want to stay, your old employer really doesn't want the continued burden.
Bottom Line: Once you receive that 402(f), begin to research your options. And even if you think that money will come in handy, never take the cash.
Paul Petillo is the Managing Editor of Target2025.com